10 galleriesEthiopia is a landlocked country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa, with over 85.2 million people. Ethiopia was a monarchy for most of its history, and the Ethiopian dynasty traces its roots to the 2nd century BC. Ethiopia is also one of the oldest sites of human existence. Ethiopia is one of a few African countries to have its own alphabet. Ethiopia is a land of natural contrasts, with waterfalls and volcanic hot springs.